Jay State had their share from racial bias

Liber College during the Wayne Township are illustrative of goals off equality

But not, it could have a look, that some kept alot more open minded beliefs compared to nearby Wells and you will Blackford Areas. Abolitionists eg John P. Shanks was indeed a powerful determine and there’s significant proof of Below ground Railway craft especially in Penn Township. Liber are situated in the 1853 by a Presbyterian missionary. Whenever George Lowe (aka George Huntsman), an african american, is suggested as students, specific stockholders objected and you can withdrew the help with the university. Farmers’ Academy was depending given that good segregated organization at College Part, just an initial point subsequently away from Liber College.


McBride, Michael. “University Gone, However, History Still Solid.” Muncie [Indiana] Superstar Press, letter.d.. (IHS clippings file) Montgomery, Meters.W. Reputation for Jay State. 1864. Reprint, Evansville, Indiana: Unigraphic, 1969.

U.S. Bureau of the Census. “Aggregate Level of Per Dysfunction off Persons within this Region out-of Indiana,” 1: 352. 6th Census of one’s All of us, 1840. Washington, D.C.: You.S. Census Work environment, 1841.

U.S. Agency of Census. “Populace regarding Municipal Divisions Below Counties; Desk III-Condition of Indiana,” 1: 124. Ninth Census of the All of us, 1870. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Work environment, 1872.

Jefferson Condition are designed in 1811, and you may filed early settlement because of the African Us americans, of a lot just before statehood. With respect to the U.S. Federal Census, in the 1820 there have been a maximum of 112 100 % free folks of colour. The fresh new black colored people went on to rise-240 for the 1830, 429 into the 1840, 568 from inside the 1850, 512 for the 1860 (a slight drop off) and you may a sharp raise from 1105 in the 1870. You to early citizen away from Jefferson County are William Hood. In 1818, Bonnet taken out a pension Kent, OH women dating to possess their Cutting edge Battle Provider. Due to the fact a 16 –year –old slave during the 1769, he’d try to escape from their manager. By 1800 he had been within the Rockingham, North carolina. He settled within the Jefferson State, Indiana, some time in advance of their relationship in order to Kitty Debois for the August nine, 1812. Bonnet died within the 1829; his descendants have been utilized in Jefferson and you can Jennings areas by 1830. A few of the early surnames placed in Coy D. Robbins’ Black colored Leaders in Indiana 1830, includes Bolin, Evans, Gray, Griffin, Jackson and you can Stafford. In the 1850, there were 46 black landowners whose a house are along appreciated from the $35,480. (Heller)

Among very first rural settlements inside Jefferson Condition receive from the 2–step 3 miles northern from Hanover are Graysville. When an enthusiastic English travelers Edward S. Abdy toured Madison, Indiana in 1834, he fulfilled John and you will Melinda Cosby (Crosby). Melinda told Abdy that they had started to the space regarding the 1821, immediately following traditions along side river during the Kentucky- in fear of kidnapers, who were stealing children away from 100 % free somebody and you will promoting them off southern. Abdy means new settlers given that from Virginia and you may Kentucky. Some have been liberated submissives, other people had bought its versatility while the rest was basically originally freeman. There have been a maximum of eleven group, with a people from 129. John Cosby had a couple of farms consisting of 137 acres. Graysville as well as got a working chapel, college or university, and several cemeteries.

Yet another identified rural settlement was located in Hailies away from Kentucky is actually a couple surnames of the this group. Matthew Hume’s tale are told regarding the WPA interview out-of previous submissives staying in Indiana. Hume was created a servant within the Kentucky; it actually was on annually following Emancipation Proclamation before he knew he was totally free. To your January step one, 1865, the guy crossed the brand new Kansas Lake from the Madison. Hume and his awesome members of the family became active people in the fresh Hanover African Methodist Episcopal Chapel and you can donated possessions to the design of a great the fresh new college that was completed in 1871. Guidance in regards to the basic proof an AME Chapel into the Hanover is in 1842, obtained from Times, Indiana Annual Fulfilling, African Methodist Episcopal Chapel 1840-1845, because the penned regarding African Methodist Episcopal Chapel Magazine, George Hogarth, editor. The new church stays energetic today. There are some cemeteries associated with the this payment.